On this page I am listing study and research resources that are particularly useful for myself and for people who are interested in similar things.
Chinese Dictionaries for daily use
- Pleco is by far the handiest cellphone dictionary app for Western learners of Chinese that is out there, followed closely by Hanping. Pleco has many free features, as well as some payable features that include a lot, a lot of dictionaries.
- Hàndiǎn 汉典, or Z-dic in colloquial terms is the most accessible Chinese only dictionary online. It also includes the Shuowen jiezi 說文解字 and the Kangxi dictonary 康熙字典. This is currently my go-to dictionary online.
- Bing dictionary 必应. Yes, you have heard of Bing, the search engine that Microsoft sneakily installs on your computer, which you then use to look up how to uninstall it. It also has a dictionary feature which is exceptionally good for words in their immediate context. Don’t use Google translate.
Chinese Historical dictionaries
- Le Grand Ricci (online) is the online version of the 13-volume Le Grand Ricci, which is considered among sinologists (who read French) the best paper dictionary. There is also a smaller version on the market, Le Petit Ricci which is super handy.
- **The Digital Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese** 古漢語詞源字典（網路版） shows a few different reconstruction methods for Old Chinese.
- The Baxter-Sagart Reconstruction for Old (and Middle) Chinese, 2014 version is the reconstruction system that is most pervasive in the West.
- A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, a recent English language dictionary that is highly usable. A big improvement on the ‘ruling’ dictionary by Mathews (1931, 1943).
- Jisho.org, the best Japanese-English, English-Japanese dictionary.
- Tangorin, a fast internet Japanese-English, English-Japanese dictionary.
- OJAD, the Online Japanese Accent Dictionary.
- Japans-Nederlands Woordenboek, a dictionary of Japanese-Dutch, developed at Leuven University.
- *The Dictonary of Taiwanese aboriginal languages*原住民族語言網上詞典 holds dictionaries on such Formosan (Austronesian) languages such as Bunun, Amei, Paiwan, Kanakanavu etc.
- Leiden Weibo Corpus, collected in January 2012.
- Academia Sinica Old Chinese corpus 中央研院上古漢語標記語料庫
- Academia Sinica Middle Chinese corpus 中央研究院中古漢語語料庫
- Academia Sinica Early Modern Mandarin Chinese corpus 中央研究院近代漢語語料庫
- The Sinology research wiki is an ongoing list of digital tools used in Sinology.
- Chinese Texts: Chinese Philosophical Texts is a useful free online course on Classical Chinese, developed by Mark Edward Lewis, that relates to A.C. Graham’s Disputers of the Tao, a good English book on ancient Chinese thought.